Thanks to Rob Weir who has generously shared his records of British military sites in Hong Kong with us. The first list is of artillery batteries, and covers over 70 sites.
He's further sub-divided the list by category. Here's a map of batteries in the largest category, Harbour Defence Battery:
[Each red marker represents one battery. Click any marker to see the battery's name. Click the battery name for more details, and to see if we have any photos of that battery.
Subscribers - if you can't see the map, please click here to view the page on the website.]
These are the oldest batteries, initially positioned along the north shore of Hong Kong island to protect the harbour against attack by enemy ship. When British territory expanded to include Kowloon and Stonecutters Island, additional batteries were built there.
A logical development was to build batteries on the approaches to the harbour. Rob has tagged these Coast Defence Battery:
These batteries allowed defenders to engage enemy ships before they reached the harbour, and also to fight off any attempts to land enemy troops on the south side of the island.
These earlier batteries were built to deal with an attack by a foreign navy. By the end of WW1, the effectiveness of attack by air had been demonstrated. The next map shows the response to that threat, the Heavy AA Battery:
The last large group is the Mobile Artillery Battery, built as part of the preparations to fight against Japan:
Rob has identified several other types of battery. Often there are only one or two, so I won't include the map for each of them here, but you can click any of the links below to see them on a map:
- Area Defence
- Beach Defence Battery
- Counter Bombardment Battery
- Light AA Battery
- Saluting Battery
- War Emergency Battery
The last map shows all the Places tagged Battery, ie "all of the above":
I must apologise to Rob that the process of importing his records wasn't as smooth as I'd have liked. So there are probably mistakes - please add a comment to the relevant battery's page if you find any.
And if you think we've missed any batteries, please leave a comment below or even better please create a Place for that battery.
Rob's conventions in each battery's notes:
- Battery names are those used at the time the battery was in use, and may vary from current naming eg. Lye Mun > Lye Yue Mun
- "Year completed is:". Approximate means 'around that time'. Accurate means the year is accurate, but month & date are not.
- "Condition at last visit:". Intact - it is still in the condition it was when used. Ruin - still visible, but damaged. Demolished - no traces remain.
- "Date of last visit:" eg Jul-1998. When Rob last visited the site to check its condition.
- "Ref:" Rob's reference number for this site.
- "Other:" Anything else useful to know.