Mount Davis Battery [c.1912- ] | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong

Mount Davis Battery [c.1912- ]

Current condition: 
Date Place completed: 
c.1912-01-01 (Year is approximate)

Year completed is: Approximate

Condition at last visit: Ruins

Date of last visit: April 2015

Ref: ROB - 00132

Other: See previous notes below Timeline.


  • 1907: Date of construction is unknown. The Bty first appears on Armament Tables as "Additions", with 5 x 9.2" BL Mk X guns.  (CAB 11/57).
  • 1909: 5 x 9.2" BL guns approved, not yet mounted.  (CAB 11/57).
  • 1910: 5 x 9.2" guns approved, not yet mounted.  (CAB 11/57).
  • 1911: 4 x 9.2" BL guns mounted, 1 x 9.2" gun to be added.  (CAB 11/58).
  • 1915: A series of 5 x 9.2" guns, placed irregularly near the top of a detatched hill at the west end of the Island.  (WO 32/5316).
  • 1917: 5 x 9.2" BL guns.  (CAB 11/58).
  • 1921: 5 x 9.2" BL guns.  (CAB 11/58).
  • 1936: 2 x 9.2" guns moved to the new Bty at Stanley.  (WO 106/2418).
  • 1936: 3 x 9.2" BL guns.  (CAB 11/196).
  • 1941: 3 x 9.2" BL guns.  (WO 106/2379).
  • 1941: In action in December against land targets. Damaged by bombing and shelling. Destroyed by own crews at the surrender 25th December.  (WO 172/1687).
  • 1945: No guns remained. Majority of operational buildings destroyed or damaged.  (WO 196/10). Post war the site was used for a variety of military formations e.g. RAF Radar site, but was abandoned in the 1970's.
  • 1981: A Youth Hostel was established on part of the site.
  • 2015: Gun pits and some buildings remain, mostly ruins.

For a background to these notes, and a glossary of terms used, please see:


Previous notes from David:

Denis Rollo's "The Guns & Gunners of Hong Kong" notes this was built to hold "5 x 9.2-inch BL Mark X guns".

It was completed in 1912, and though the gun emplacements can still be seen today, it's useful life as a British battery ended in 1941. The battery was damaged during the fighting with the Japanese, then blown up by its personnel on 25 Dec, just before the surrender.

I'm not sure if the site was used by the Japanese during their occupation of Hong Kong, but Rollo mentions a 1946 report saying there was no equipment remaining, and that the buildings had been destroyed.

Post-war, RAF Mount Davis occupied part of the site.

Photos that show this place


Part of this battery is to be found in and below the grounds of the Victoria Reception Centre, the former Special Branch detention centre in Victoria Road near Mt Davis Road.

The battery below Victoria Road was a separate battery, Jubilee Battery, that was built in the 1930's.

Regards, David

Philip Cracknell has extracts from the diary of Regimental Sergeant Major Enos Charles Ford, that describe's Ford's experiences at the Mount Davis Battery during the fighting in 1941: