Wartime: Hong Kong in the Second World War
Work in progress: this page summarises the resources on Gwulo that cover this period.
Before the fighting - preparing to defend Hong Kong
The Historic Military Buildings in Hong Kong page lists many of the artillery batteries and other military buildings that were built around Hong Kong in the decades leading up to the war. Around 1940, many pillboxes were built to supplement the larger batteries.
As war seemed ever more likely, preparations were made to protect the civilian population. The government built air raid shelters around the city - either ARP tunnels if the land was hilly, or pen shelters if the land was flat. Outside the city, shelter areas and food stores were set up to house and feed refugees from the city.
December 8 - 25, 1941: The fight for Hong Kong
You can follow events as described by the people who lived through them. We have a collection of diaries written in Hong Kong during 1941-45: view diary entries from any day during that time.
- Japanese occupation
- Stanley camp
- Japanese surrender
- War crimes trials