Jao Tsung-I Academy (was Lai Chi Kok Hospital) [????- ] | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong

Jao Tsung-I Academy (was Lai Chi Kok Hospital) [????- ]

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The Heritage Assessment for this cluster of buildings (currently Grade 3 status) is available on the AAB website (http://www.aab.gov.hk/historicbuilding/en/845_Appraisal_En.pdf) and states:

"Lai Chi Kok Hospital was built between 1921 and 1924 and was originally a prison. In the 1930s, infectious diseases were prevalent and the prison was converted into Lai Chi Kok (Cholera) Hospital and Lai Chi Kok (Relief) Hospital. In 1948 the two hospitals were renamed Lai Chi Kok Hospital (荔枝 角醫院), which was one of the two infectious hospitals in Hong Kong in the period 1946-1975. The other infectious hospital was in Sai Ying Pun. After the opening of Princess Margaret Hospital (瑪嘉烈醫院) in 1975, the role of Lai Chi Kok Hospital as an infectious diseases hospital gradually diminished. It was then used for convalescent psychiatric patients transferred from Castle Peak Hospital ( 青山醫院 ) and leprosy patients transferred from the Leprosarium at Hei Ling Chau (喜靈洲). In 2001-2006, the Hospital was under the management of the Hospital Authority and its funding was provided by the Social Welfare Department. Its name was changed from Lai Chi Kok Hospital to LCKH HACare Home (荔康居) for psychiatric patients. Historical materials show that the hospital site could be related to use as an early immigration post for Chinese labour heading overseas to South Africa. Moreover, there is a stone tablet inscribed with Chinese characters “Gau-Lung Kwan” (九龍關) right next to the hospital cluster. This is similar to the Qing customs station stone tablet found at the old Ma Wan township."

"The old hospital site is comprised of an upper section and a lower section. The buildings under study are all located in the lower section. They are Blocks F, G, H, I, J, K, and Blocks P, Q, W, W2 and N. The first six blocks were used as wards and Block K as an Administration Block. The other blocks were used for various purposes such as quarters, kitchens, offices and stores." 

More photos and detailed information about the restoration of the site (carried out between 2009-2014) can be found here: http://www.jtia.hk/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/lw_paper_eng_120.pdf

Coolies bound for South Africa were encamped at Lai Chi Kok on an "eminence beautifully situated at the rear of Stonecutters Island". Further reading here

China Mail excerpt - Racist attitude of the British circa 1904
China Mail excerpt - Racist attitude of the British circa 1904, by China Mail