Ice House - 2nd location [1862-1955]
Not daunted by the failure of the first Ice Company,the Ice Association of Hong Kong was created about 10 years later after John Dent in 1862 sent round the prospectus. Government assigned to trustees I.L. 564, across the street from the former Ice House.
At first, the Ice Association tried to import their own ice. But the company lost money. So they then turned to the "Tudor Company", an American company which for several decades had been cutting ice from Boston, packed it tightly into ships and delivered it all over the world.
"The [U.S.] coastwise shipments are to all the seaports, from Philadelphia to Galveston, Texas; while the foreign market includes, besides the West Indies, and the West Coast of South America, Mauritius, Isle of Bourbon, Manilla, Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, Ceylon, Hong Kong, Whampoa, Batavia, and Liverpool."
The Western literary messenger - 1849
The Tudor Company agreed, and invested in rebuilding a solid ice House, in exchange for a guarantee 5 cents per pound for the ice. They held the lease at first, for 10 years.
In about 1873, two Scottish Engineers, Mr. Kyle and Mr. Bain, began making ice in Hong Kong at East Point, at their Hong Kong Ice Works. Between 1873 and 1880 Mr. Bain brought out several improvements in refrigerating machinery, and the went into competition with the Tudor Company who bowed out, sold their equipment to Kyle and Bain, who then leased the Ice House from the Ice Association.
They sold their company to Messrs Jardine, Matheson and Company in 1879, and Mr. Bain stayed on as manager of the Ice Works.
This is when the Govenment took notice - mainly that the Ice Association did not acutally hold title to the land. So Inland Lot No. 564 was leased for 999 years to the reamining trustee of the Ice Association - William Keswick - at a good price. He held it until 1908, and then sold it to the Hongkong Ice Company.
The low building on the right was where the first ice house was built. The tall building on the left, was the second one, after renovation in about 1888.
In 1918, Dairy Farm and the Ice Company merged, and the I. L. 564 was sold to Hong Hong Land.
In 1934, the Govenment resumed the property, and even the name Ice House was no longer used.