Military Sanitarium, 504 The Peak [1883-c.1923] | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong

Military Sanitarium, 504 The Peak [1883-c.1923]

Current condition: 
Demolished / No longer exists
Date Place completed: 
c.1883-01-01 (Month, Day are approximate)
Date Place demolished: 
c.1923-12-31 (Year, Month, Day are approximate)

Position of marker is approximate.

Photos that show this place

1890
1924
1955

Comments

I think this is the Military Sanitarium that was at Mansfield Road:

The Peak 03
The Peak 03, by Herostratus

 

Hi Herostratus,

I think you're absolutely correct. Good find. I hadn't seen a photo of this building before.

Reasons for agreeing with your conclusion are, firstly, the building in your pic is roughly the same irregular shape as the outline of the Sanitarium on the 1924 map. Secondly, here's a photo taken from near the junction of Peak and Guildford Roads a few years ago.

Site of Military Bungalow, Magazine Gap
Site of Military Bungalow, Magazine Gap, by gw

By comparing the two photos, particularly the relative positions of Brick Hill and Middle Island, it's possible to conclude; 

- they were taken from similar positions with your photo taken from a position a few hundred meters further west along Peak Road.

- the Sanatarium stood on the site now occupied by Mansfield Road Government Quarters.

Both the 1909 (https://gwulo.com/atom/14774) and 1912 (https://gwulo.com/atom/21978) maps mark the Sanatarium as a cross-shaped building - quite different to its shape marked in the 1924 map. Perhaps the earlier building was expanded, or demolished and replaced by a new one, sometime between 1912 and 1924? 

Demolition date may have been before WWII as I would expect to be able to see the Sanatarium had it been standing in December 1941 when the following photo was taken.

   

Hong Kong-Island-under attack-aerial view-1941
Hong Kong-Island-under attack-aerial view-1941, by IDJ

More speculatively, I wonder if the light coloured patch of ground on the left side of the following pic was the cleared site of the Sanitarium? The photo is tentatively dated pre-1940.

Aberdeen from The Peak
Aberdeen from The Peak, by kelwoody

 

The original Sanitarium was built in 1883. However the site proved to be extremely unhealthy and malaria ridden -the area was used in the 1901 medical report to illustrate the futility in eradicating malarial risks in HK.  At some point either 1893 or 1907 the building was expanded (I lean towards the latter date)  A 'reoccupation' was noted in a 1914 report having taken place recently. The site was definitely cleared before WW2, likely soon after the damage in the 1923 Typhoon.

 

The Typhoon which occurred on August 18th was responsible for damage to house property in the colony....The peak district suffered much more than the lower levels, roofs being torn off, and windows blown in. The Military Sanatorium was partially destroyed

1923 PWD Report

 

15. The Wong Nei Chong Battery site and the Sanitarium Barracks Officers Quarters were transferred by the Military Authorities to the Colonial Government, the former being credited with the sums of $963.17 and $20,0000 in respect thereof in the Military Lands account

1927 PWD Report

 

66. During the year sketch plans were prepared for a new Government House on the site of the Old Military Sanatorium near Magazine Gap

1931 PWD Report 

I was interested to see the entry on the Sanitorium on the peak, my own interest being the Army Medical Services in Hong Kong.

I have looked back through the copies I hold of the Annual Report on the Health of the Army and the section that deals with China and found the following entries about the sanitorium.

 1882 Sanatorium above Wanchai Gap. One block of barracks completed but not yet occupied. (Note the spelling of Sanatorium)

1883 Sanitorium was completed and was occupied for the first time in July. (Again note spelling)

1887 Hospital accommodation insufficient during severe hot weather so convalescent patients transferred to Peak ‘where residence proved decidedly beneficial’.

1893 Water laid on from Colonial main. New verandah on South side erected