Contribute to Gwulo | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong

Contribute to Gwulo

Your contributions help Gwulo grow. Here are some ideas for ways to contribute:

If you've got any questions, or you'd like to contribute in some other way, please leave a comment below.

Regards, David


Hi David,

i would like to contribute to the running costs of Gwulo but do not really want to use the patron system. The reason for this is that I will charged a transaction fee every month by my bank or credit card company.

can I make an annual contribution and set this up as a direct debit on my credit card. In that way I only pay the transaction fee once and that will mean I can increase my contribution.

Hi Thomas,

Several other Patrons asked if they could make an annual payment instead of monthly. Please see suggestions for how to do this at:

Thanks for your support!

Best regards, David

I used an OCR software and converted the 1930 Jurors list into a WORD document and a searchable PDF file. Conversion into an EXCEL file was unsuccessful.

You can take a look at the results here. They're not 100% accurate but may make importing into EXCEL easier by C&P.

1930 Jurors list

I used OCR (Abby Finereader 12) to convert the1941 Jurors list (see

In the end the time to prepare a page (copy & paste, and check & correct errors) was a little bit faster than the current method we use (correct the details from the previous year's list), but more difficult to use in a group, so I've stuck with the current method.

Hi David,

I split each page of the 1930 Jurors into individual JPEG images, removed the lines and dots from the image that confuses most OCR software and enhance the black level of the words before converting it with an OCR into a TXT file.

1930Jurors_2.jpg, by tkjho
1930Jurors_2_edited.jpg, by tkjho

This is what I got - a list of the occupations, names and addresses that can be relatively easy to proofread, make corrections and C&P, as long as only one line is allowed for each item. 

Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.
Per pro., Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.
Chief Manager, Bank of East Asia; Ld.
Stock Broker, Geo. & H. A. Lamwert
General Manager, Union Ince. Socty. of
Canton, Ld.
Exchange Manager, Bank of Canton, LL
Director, Reiss, Massey & Ld.
Principal, Little, Adams & Wood
Assistant Manager, Butterfield & Swire.
Resident Partner, Mackinnon
Butterfield & Swire _
Director, Gilman & Co., Ld.
Shanghai Bank
Caldbeck, Macgregor & Co.
Gen. Manager, Standard Oil Co.
Merchant, J. D. Hutchison & Co.
Merchant, Bradley & Co., Ld.
Manager, Bank of China, Ld.,
Exchange Broker
Principal, C. A. da Roza
Merchant, W. R. Loxley & Co
Manager, Mercantile Bank of India,Ld,
Incorporated Accountant, Percy Smith,
Seth & Fleming
Butterfield & Swire
Freight Agent, Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld.
Merchant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.
Merchant, Silva-Netto & Co.
Manager, China Underwriters, Ld.
Borneinann & Co.
Shipping Manager, Jardine, Matheson
& Ca., Ld.
Managing Director, Hong Kong Hotel
Shar:Broker, Tester & Abraham
Dodwell & Co,, Ld.
A. S. Watson & Co., Ld..
Compradore, H.K. & K. W. & G. Co., Ld
Department Manager, Sun Life Insur.
ance Co., Ld.
Leigh & Orange

Ho Kom-tong,
Ho Leung
Johnson, Marcus Theodore .
Joseph, Joseph Edgar -
Kan Tong-po
Lammert, Herbert Alexander.
Lauder, Paul
Lay Kam-fat
Lewis, Brian Lander
Little, Alexander Coulbourne.
Little. John Hargraves
:Mackie, Charles Gordon
McHutchon, James Maitland
Miskin, Geoffrey
Murphy, Lewis Newton
Oliver, Roland Edward Henry:
Parker, Philo Woodworth
Pearce, Thomas Ernest
Plummer, John Archibald,
Pui Tso-yi (T. Y. Pei).
Rocha, Joao Maria da
Rodgers, Robert
Roza, Carlos Augusto an
Russell, Donald Oscar
Sandes, Charles Lancelot
Seth, John Hennessey
Shaw, Thomas Henry Robert
Sheppard, John Oram
Shields, Andrew Lusk
Silva-Netto, Antonio
Ferreira 13atalha
Start, Herbert Rothsay.
Sum Pak-ming,
Siltherland, Robert
Taggart, James Harper
Tester, Percy
Warren, John Percival
Wong, James Mow Lain
Wong Kam-Ink
Wong, 'KWong-tin
Wong-Tape, Benjamin
Wool, Gerald George

7 Caine Road.
On premises.
On premises.
Hong Kong Hotel,.
On premises.
170 The Peak.
On premises.
16 Mosque Street.
11 Peak Mansions.
5 Aighburth Hall, May Road.
188 The Peak.
On premises.
On premises.
104 The Peak.
On premises.
On premises.
AltcAena, The Peak.
299 The Peak.
515 The Peak.
9 Village Road.
3 Robinson Road.
137 The Peak.
3 May Road.
On premises.
Galesend, 302 The Peak.
Deepdene, Deep Water Bay.
On premises.
1.■Hattori Road, Hong Kong.
16 Peak Road.
32 Granville Road.
512 The Peak-.
On premises.
368 The Peak.
On premises.
9 Stewart Terrace, The Peak.
On premises.
On premises.
11 Arbuthnot Road.
Aimai Villas, Kowloon.
Kia Ora, Kowloon. City.
On premises. 

If you'd like to try transcribing some years' lists with OCR, I suggest you work on some of the missing lists from 1893 and earlier (you can see the list of which years we've got at

I'd originally planned to go back to these once we've finished the 1930s, but it'd be great to get a head start on them with your help. It'll also let you see how long it takes on average to produce an accurate page, and we can compare that with the current method.

I tried this list with OCR. Since the original file is in pretty good shape, I did not bother to do any enhancement and loaded the PDF into my Nuance PDF Converter Professional and had it converted into a readable and editable PDF file. Then I C&P'ed the names column block by block into a text editor, from a few lines to a page at a time depending on how the text was highlighted by the software, to prevent them from all mixed up, & ditto with the occupations column. Then I did the proofreading, corrections and imported it into Excel. The .............. behind the names were not removed as it requires line-by-line editing. If I have to photoshop enhance the original file, I would lasso and remove them all in one shot.

Total time taken: C&P 18 minutes + proofread 64 minutes + import to Excel 3 minutes = 85 minutes for 8 pages.

Tan King Sing was listed as the manager of an opium farm on Bonham Strand.

1881 Juror List

I next tried using Win10's built-in OneNote to do the OCR, with the original PDF pages split into individual scan pages first and cropped each column out for individual conversion to minimize confusion to the OCR software. No C&P of the OCR output was needed. Then I enhanced the same PDF column and repeated the conversion to check for any difference. It seems that the better the original JPEG file the more accurate the conversion. More time is needed to prepare the files before OCR, but less time in proofreading the more accurate output file.

Corrections can be made right in OneNote with the PDF and the OCR output side by side, then imported into EXCEL. Editing this enhanced list took me 5:55 minutes.

1930JurorsOccupationPage1-OneNoteOCR, by tkjho