1 broadwood terrace 1922 [????-????]

Submitted by simtang on Thu, 05/19/2022 - 12:00
Current condition
Demolished / No longer exists

location of lingnan primary school in 1922

address 1 Broadwood terrace

same as 95 Wong Nai Chung rd (see https://gwulo.com/media/45620)

1922_lingnan_broadwood_road_campus.png, by simtang

Photos that show this Place


I have just visited the following website (which is in Chinese):


There is a passage mentioning that the primary section (of the Hong Kong Lingnan Branch) was established in 1922. However, the exact location was not mentioned.



Google Translation (with my additional note in brackets)

The school is a secondary school affiliated to Lingnan Educational Institution, and adheres to the fine tradition of Guangzhou Lingnan Primary and Secondary Schools. Hong Kong Lingnan Branch established the Primary School in 1922, moved to the campus at No. 15 Stubbs Road in 1928, and added the Junior Middle School in 1946, marking the beginning of the establishment of Lingnan Middle School. Afterwards, Lingnan Secondary School moved out of the former site of Stubbs Road in August 1999 and moved to the current site in Heng Fa Chuen (which is located in the Eastern District of Hong Kong Island).

According to the heading of the above photograph, the exact location was more precise. Not only was it on Broadwood Road (布律活道 and has been renamed to 樂活道 in Chinese), it was actually on Broadwood Terrace (布律活台). Now, the question is where exactly was Broadwood Terrace. There is a page on Gwulo.com (https://gwulo.com/node/23535) showing its location on Google Map. That is No. 1 Broadwood Road, but I am looking forward to more evidence to support this.


(Read More: https://gwulo.com/comment/61106#comment-61106)

Lingnan middle school has this web site which contains a more detailed history.…

It says:


1922 年,廣州嶺南大學鍾榮光校長聯合留港同學及本港紳商組織校董會並著手籌募及負責一切開辦香港分校事宜。後購得跑馬地布律活道第一號房屋及租賃第二號房屋為校址。香港嶺南分校原為小學,最初名叫廣州嶺南分校。1922年2月16日正式開課,第一任校長為司徒衛先生。第一學期開始時,僅有學生六十六人,教職員九人。

It states clearly it was 跑馬地布律活道第一號  (happy valley 1 broadwood road). 布律活道 now called 樂活道.


How it looks nowadays

broadwood_rd_1.png, by simtang


road sign magnified view

broadwood_rd_road_sign.png, by simtang


Thank you "simtang" and "jill" so much for your valuable information.

Looking at the black & white photo taken in 1922, there was a large field/playground in front of the building. However, if we look at the current photo, the site of No. 1 Broadwood Road is rather small and lying in front of it is a an alley with no name.

No. 1 Broadwood Road
No. 1 Broadwood Road, by Jimmy K. C. Ho
the_alley_with_no_name_in_front_of_broadwood_terrace.jpg, by Jimmy K. C. Ho

The apartment circled in yellow was where I used to live when I was a child and teenager. I oversaw Broadwood Terrace every day from my window.

I have recently noticed that Race Course Mansion (銀禧大廈) ,completed in January 1959, was situate at No. 1A Wong Nai Chung Road. I suspect No. 1A was previously part of No. 1 and sometime between 1928 and early 1950s, there was a big change on the landscape dividing No. 1 Broadwood Road into two parts.

I am looking forward to further information about this possible change of landscape.

I assume the front of the campus in the black and white picture was the Broadwood road which goes downhill to the race course. Not the alley. According to maps in the 1920s, number 1 is position of that road sign on the red wall on the left of the gate on google map. Number 2 is on the left near Ventris road. Number 1A Broadwood road is on the right hand side close to wong nai chung road. By the way, if one looks at the maps submitted by Jill, the long side of the campus building (rectangular shape) is along Broadwood road. The main entrance should be on Broadwood road too. In other words the alley is on the right and out of the black and white picture. The picture is just showing number 1 and 2 and other buildings.

Location of the Lingnan primary school in the photo can be found on page 14 of the 40th anniversary special issue of school bulletin published by the school in 1962.  It was the history of the school written by a Lingnan teacher. He also mentioned that one of the teachers at Broadwood road was still serving in 1962. So his information should be accurate. He said the school premise was on  Broadwood road now the site of the Race Course Mansion. In other words, the picture was taken on Broadwood road no.1 Broadwood terrace, not no.1 Broadwood road (probably the neighboring building on the left behind the last boy of the queue).  Today its address is 1A Broadwood road. Since the building was at the Broadwood rd-Wong Nai Chung rd junction, the picture shows only the Broadwood rd facade.

(see Moddssey's comment and the street index he linked to)


The caption in the 1922 picture essentially said the same thing i.e. 一九二二年布津活台之校舍 which means 1922 Broadwood terrace campus. In documents of Lingnan school, they sometimes gave the address as 1 Broadwood Terrace but sometimes also said 1 Broadwood road which is wrong.

history of lingnan primary school hk
history of lingnan primary school hk, by simtang

The second principal of Lingnan in 1940 also has wriitten a history of the school. He began like this:

1940 ChenYU_LN_History
1940 ChenYU_LN_History, by simtang

which gave the addresss in 1922 as number 1 and number 2  of Broadwood terrace.

In summary,

Lingnan 1922 campus = 1 Broadwood terrace = 1A Broadwood road = 95 Wong Nai Chung rd (see above index)

From hkmaps.hk, 1924 air view shows the building at the location of present day race course mansion. There is little doubt that it was the location of the Lingnan primary school in 1922 as mentioned by a Lingnan teacher in 1962 who taught there at Broadwood rd (above comment). It says the school was on Broadwood Road at location of present day Race Course Mansion. It occupied number 1 and number 2. Date of occupation of Race Course Mansion was 1959. The history was written in 1962.  That means the school was on the Broadwood Road side of the Race Course Mansion. It is not clear how the houses were numbered at that time. Midland Reality lists the mansion's address as 1A Broadwood Road, Happy Valley.


It can be said the school was located either on Broadwood Road or Broadwood Terrace (became Race Course Mansion after 1959) . There is indeed no contradiction.


1924 air view of 1 broadwood road
1924 air view of 1 broadwood road, by simtang

Reference Item 131 of the 1915 Report on Public Works 

Inland Lot 2039 comprised 1-8 Broadwood Terrace and 1-3 Broadwood Road.

The outline of the I.L. 2039 can be viewed here. Nos 1-8 Broadwood Terrace fronted Wong Nai Chung Road with Nos 1-3 Broadwood Road at its rear and up the slope.

Re: 1970 map

Looking at street maps at: https://www.hkmaps.hk/viewer.html , 1A Broadwood Road only starts to appear from 1960 after the completion of Race Course Mansion in 1959. 

The address for Race Course Mansion was 1A Broadwood Road and 93-95 Wong Nai Chung Road, depending on which side the apartment block was facing.