British shipwright in Hong Kong. Admitted as partner of J. MacDonald and Co., shipwrights Hong Kong 1868 (although on Hong Kong Jury List for 1863 already working for same company) and then the business carried on under his own name from 1st Janaury 1874. He was declared bankrupt by June 1876. He later worked as a probationary lightkeeper in Shanghai appointed 01/04/1883 but was shortly discharged from duty 1st June 1883. At the time of his death in 1892 he was living with a Japanese woman in a small shanty near Fandin-go with his occuaption documented as a boat builder.