Hindu Temple, Happy Valley [1953- ]

Submitted by David on Mon, 04/05/2010 - 11:43
Current condition
In use
Date completed
(Day & Month are approximate.)

Dan asks:

I have read the current Hindu Temple in Happy Valley was built in 1952, but elsewhere I have found that there was a Hindu temple here way before that by at least 1910.  Does anybody know if the 1952 temple was built on the site of the original or if the original temple was located elsewhere in Happy Valley.  Thank you for your help.

The 1959 Hong Kong Annual Report says:

The first Hindu temple in Hong Kong was built in 1953 and is situated in Happy Valley. There has been a Sikh temple in Queen's Rad East since 1870 which has served the needs not only of the Sikh community, but of many of those Hidus from Sind and the Punjab who have been to some extent influenced by Guru Nanak's teachings.

There's some more background in the book: Sindhi diaspora in Manila, Hong Kong, and Jakarta.

Photos that show this Place


Notes from the AAB's Historic Building Appraisal:

Hindu Temple
No. 1B Wong Nai Chung Road, Happy Valley, H.K.

Historical Interest

The Hindu Temple (印度廟) was built in 1953. It was founded by the Hindu Association of Hong Kong (香港印度教協會). The foundation stone was laid on 15 February 1953 by Mrs. Varanbai Hiranand. Seven months later the temple was completed and it was officially opened by the President of the Hindu Association of Hong Kong.

Indians have fanned out around the world as independent businessmen, professionals, military personnel, watchmen, and labourers, and Hong Kong has long been one of their destinations. In the early colonial days, some Indians have served in the military and the police. The Partition of India after World War II resulted in a large influx in the 1950s and 1960s.

Architectural Merit

The main elevation of the Temple faces northeast. It is three stories high divided into six bays separated by columns. The columns to the two lower stories are plain, but the columns to the upper storey have decorative bases and capitals. Moulded columns run across the façade unifying the design. The roof is flat and features a dome at the southeast end. A staircase with a stepped decorative wall and a modern canopy is situated at the northwest end of the building. Internally, the focus of the complex is the worship hall. There is a spacious internal courtyard in front of the worship hall. An elongated two-storey block at the southwest provides office accommodation and activity rooms. There is abundant use of multi-foil ogee arches, which are a common feature of Indian architecture. The architectural style can be classified as Indian with influence from Western architecture and Hindu tradition.

Rarity, Built Heritage Value & Authenticity

This building is quite a rare form of architecture in Hong Kong and has built heritage value. Past renovations have introduced modern materials but generally the Temple retains much of its authenticity.

Social Value & Local Interest

The Temple is considered to be the centre for all aspects of everyday life in the Hindu community in religious, cultural, educational and social fields. Apart from worshipping the deities, some ceremonies would be held in the Hindu Temple, such as wedding ceremonies, engagements and the making of specific vows. It is a well known local landmark on Wong Nai Chung Road in Happy Valley.

Group Value

The Hindu Temple and the adjacent cemetery of the Hindus form a significant complex in representing their identity and long settlement in Hong Kong. The Temple is closely related to the Sikh Temple (錫克教廟) in the neighbourhood, where Hindus used to worship with the Sikhs before the erection of their own Temple.

Adaptive Re-use 

As far as is known there are no plans to demolish, redevelop or convert the Temple. The question of adaptive re-use therefore does not arise at present.