Philip Harding Klimanek at Holland-China Trading Company, Shanghai, 1938 | Gwulo: Old Hong Kong
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Philip Harding Klimanek at Holland-China Trading Company, Shanghai, 1938

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Philip Harding Klimanek at Holland-China Trading Company, Shanghai, 1938

Philip Harding Klimanek (1883-1965) was born in the Czech Republic, at the time his place of birth was part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. In ca. 1905 he started to work for Holland-China Trading Company, in Hong Kong.

In 1939, when Charles Gesner van der Voort arrived in Shanghai to work for the company, he was Charles' superior. In a letter home he wrote: "Played chess with Klimanek in the French Club" [translation Pieter Lommerse, the French Club was Le Cercle Sportif Français, a fashionable place to be in the 1930s and it still exists today].

Philip Harding Klimanek was also a juror for the Hong Kong judicial system, which can be found in gwulo.com, for the last time in 1941.
His grandson wrote to me: "Though he had been based in Shanghai before the war we know he was captured in Hongkong on 24th Dec 1941 during the “Battle of Hongkong”. He had been a volunteer with the “isolated Tytan [this should probably be Tai Tam, or Tytam at the time] Godows of the Food Control from November to the end of December 1941” We assume he was involved with food conservation as the Japanese were approaching."

"He was beaten up on capture and needed medical treatment. He was in and out of Stanley camp until the Japanese surrender in 1945. As he was of Austro-Hungarian descent after the war his nationality was hard to determine as his papers and all his possessions had been lost, his health was very poor as a result of how he had been treated during the war. Eventually he managed to get a temporary Czechoslovakian passport in 1948 issued in Nanking China. After a short period in the UK looking for work he returned to the HCTC and was traveling between Shanghai and Hongkong. He retired in Hongkong and returned to England 31st Dec 1950."

Gwulo.com administrator David added a comment about the Tai Tam godown shelters: "I guess he spent that time at Godowns (warehouses) that stored food for emergency use. You can see other examples of this type of godown listed at <a href="https://gwulo.com/%3Ca%20href%3D"https://gwulo.com/hong-kong-shelter-area">https://gwulo.com/hong-kong-shelter-area" rel="noreferrer nofollow">gwulo.com/hong-kong-shelter-area</a>;

Philip Harding Klimanek was a close friend of Willem Kien, another early HCHC-employee, later to become director of the company. Willem Kien's daughter in law recalls seeing him during visits in The Netherlands, together with his wife Zoia and daughter. Also Anneke Knüppe-de Jongh, daughter of former HCHC-employee and director Frans de Jongh, has warm memories of the family, which her family stayed closely in touch with.

His grandson wrote to me: "The back of the office desk photo states it was taken for the newspaper on the occasion of the Netherlands Queen's Jubilee on 5/9/38. It notes Mr Kien's picture! [Willem Kien's framed portrait on the desk]"
The jubilee was the 40th inauguration anniversary of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, inaugurated 6 September 1898. Soerabaijasch Handelsblad of 13 October 1938 (Delpher.nl, Royal Dutch Library) reports that the Shanghai newspaper "The China Press" published a Jubilee Issue of 74 pages with the title "Forty years of wisdom". It described the life and rule of Queen Wilhelmina as well as trade and wealth of the Netherlands and the Netherlands East Indies. The final chapter was dedicated to the life and work of the Dutch in Shanghai.

Courtesy Harding-Klimanek family archives

Date picture taken (may be approximate): 
Monday, September 5, 1938
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